Front Cover . . . Members of the faculty of St. Andrew's who have served for twenty-five years, (left to right) Gary West, Fred Hiltz, Rupert Ray, Derek Inglis, Geoff Smith, Dennis Hemmings, David Timms and Ron Kinney.

Effective October 4, 1993,

S.A.C. will have a new area code: 905.









The front and back covers of this issue of The Andrean are photographs by Lu Taskey of Toronto. The front cover features members of the St. Andrew's faculty u have completed twenty-five years or more on the staff of the School. The feature arti- cle by scholar Robert Leckey '93 is recom- mended reading.

The back cover captures the essence of St. Andrew's as these young men look to the future while enjoying their last Prize Day as S.A.C. students.


Back cover . . . Graduates of 1993: (left to right) Jason LaMarche, Jason Baun, Tom Luxemburger, Bart Sommerville and John Shik.


Mr. Chips and Microchips

Even the most casual reader of the current press will have noted the heightened level of interest in education. This 'new-found' interest would seem to flow largely from the broader subject of international competitiveness in a global economy. It is by no means a uniquely Canadian interest. Education has become high profile all over the world. Most articles are, not surprisingly, eager to get into the competitive aspects such as:

Where do we stand?

How do we rate?

What's wrong with our schools?

To be sure, all are valid concerns and, as far as they go, legitimate questions. The simplicity of those questions, however, belies the complexity of finding the right answers. Just what does constitute excellence in a school? We all claim it as our goal but how do we know if we are getting there? Is it simply, as some articles and studies believe, standard exam results on fact- based subjects, usually maths and sciences? What about the creative subject? Does development of creative skills count? How do you measure communication and classical subjects? Perhaps it should be university acceptances or university marks? Or is excellence only measured in the longer term, by way of leadership and contribution to society made by a school's graduates?

My point is not to provide an answer, but rather to acknowledge the complexity of the issues in education. St. Andrew's and its

Chairman of The Board of Governors Peter D.G. Harris

fellow independent schools are not immune to this public scrutiny, nor should they be! Indeed, we could respond that we are tested in the marketplace every day! We know, however, that this is not the whole story.

The difficulties in assessment flow directly from the complexity of the education process. Who is wise enough to know what subjects will matter most in the future? And, how should they be taught? Microchips are the basis of powerful new approaches that are being developed at an explosive pace.

All of this is preamble to recognition that a St. Andrew's education is not some delightfully benign pursuit carried out in 'Mr. Chips' fashion in wonderful Old World architecture. Yes, we still have, and hopefully will always have, Mr. Chips in the sense of masters imbued with understanding and compassion.

And yes, we have some great Georgian buildings. But St. Andrew's is, and must be, totally immersed in a dynamic, exciting, incredibly challenging pursuit! Complacency is as unacceptable here as it is in the corporate world. Innovation is, and must be, a central fact in our lives. And just as in the corporate world, some of our innovation may come out of laboratories, but most often it will originate with those closest to the function. The key lies in having an organization that encourages the flow and consideration of ideas. I hope we have that.

There are, and always shall be, values, standards and principles at St. Andrew's that are unchanging! We do not propose change for the sake of change. But everything outside of those principles and values must be able to withstand critical examination. Sometimes that will lead to change, great or small, and we won't always get it right the first time. Sometimes this idyllic setting, the very beauty of the place and its calm, may serve to mask the dynamics within.

The blending of the timeless values of Mr. Chips, and the dynamic opportunities from microchips - therein lies the challenge!

P.D.G. Harris

Headmaster's Report Forming One's Destiny

The end of the academic year is a time for retrospection, for taking stock of the last ten months. For what will the year 1992-93 be remembered in the annals of St. Andrew's?

The College's academic record for this year is impressive. There are twenty-three Ontario Scholars from a graduating class of sixty- eight, and our students received a wide range of individual awards. To mention a few: our debaters, Ryan McNally and Leo Arhanic, captured first place out of nineteen schools in the latest Fulford Cup competition. Robert Leckey was one of eight students chosen from across Canada to represent the country at a World Public Speaking competition in Reading, England; he also won the United Empire Loyalist Research Essay award.

Two thousand schools are invited annually to nominate one student to compete for the Queen's Chancellor Scholarships. This year, just over five hundred schools did so. Robert Leckey, our nominee, is one of the nine Canadian students selected from the applicants to win the Chancellor's scholarship. We congratulate Robert for his many other outstanding contributions to St. Andrew's as scholar, debater, actor and prefect.

On the subject of prefects, may I take this opportunity to commend this year's group for their sustained leadership and support during the entire school year.

Continuing with academic honours, the School placed eleventh of three hundred and sixty-five high schools in Canada in the National Mathematics

John Shik was awarded the 1993 Macdonald Medal for the graduating student most proficient in character, studies and athletics taken together.

League. Finally, Daniel Thwaites, from the class of '89, was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship, becoming the fourth St. Andrew's graduate to be so honoured in the past sixteen years.

The School's athletes will no doubt savour the unparalleled success that we enjoyed on the sporting scene representing one of the most successful years in the School's history. In the independent league, championships are only obtainable at the first team level, but almost all of our fifty-two representative teams in eighteen different sports were noted for their competitiveness, desire and

Headmaster Robert Bedard

Headmaster's Report Forming One's Destiny

Chairman of the S.A.C. Foundation, David L. Rea presents James Brown '93 with the

Craig Mitchell Memorial Prize. The Prize is awarded "for distinguished academic and

athletic accomplishment by a student in his graduating year ".

sportsmanship. This past term, the Rugby squad defeated all independent school rivals by substantial margins thus winning the Conference of Independent Schools' Athletic Association Championship. The Track and Field Team won its fourth consecutive title by totally dominating the opposition.

In a wider arena, our First Hockey Team won the All-Ontario High School Championship for an unprecedented third time in eleven years. This year's team brought untold honours and acclaim to the School through talent, fair play, exemplary behaviour, and excellent coaching. No doubt, this O.F.S.A.A. championship will be indelibly etched in the memories of the players and of the large number of parents and fans who so

positively and loyally supported their progress, culminating in four glorious days in the town of Dryden in north-western Ontario.

For some, especially the growing number of actors, musicians, writers and artists in the School, there was the magical and winsome production of A Midsummer Night's Dream in the fall, the show-stopping Oklahoma! in the winter term, and in the spring, Focus, our annual festival of the arts, which saw the production of plays, films, readings, musical performances and exhibitions by our artists.

Thanks to Bob Perrier (Housemaster of Memorial House and Head of the Math Department) and his wife, Ann, a successful initiative was launched. A diverse and popular weekend excursion programme captured the interest of many of our

international students. They went to Ottawa, Niagara Falls, on ski trips, to athletic events, the theatre, Canada's Wonderland, the Zoo, the Science Centre, the Royal Ontario Museum and the African Lion Safari.

Such an ambitious and memorable school year would not be possible without the special people who give tremendous behind-the-scene support. At St. Andrew's, we are very fortunate to have both a unique and dedicated Board of Governors. The members of this Board, and its Chairman, Mr. Peter Harris, work tirelessly and devotedly toward the good of this institution both for the present and for the future, while never interfering with the day-to-day functioning of the School. We are indeed blessed. I would also like to take this opportunity to remark on the commitment of time and energy of the teaching staff, the successful accomplishments of the constituencies represented by Mr. Herder and Mr. Tetlock, and the hard work and caring of the Ladies' Guild.

A shadow was cast over the School in the latter part of the year by the sudden death of Manny Cominsky. After three decades of notable service to the School as the resident custodian of Macdonald House, Manny's death broke a link with the past. His engaging personality made him one of the most popular members of our community, and he will be much missed. A very beautiful memorial service was held in our Chapel on April 2, when those who knew and loved Manny celebrated his life in a most touching manner.

Headmaster's Report Forming One's Destiny

Head Prefect Jason LaMarche '93.

And now, to you, the graduates of the Class of 1993.To quote from Willa Cather's novel, Death Comes for the Archbishop, "To fulfil the dreams of one's youth - this is the best that can happen to a man." All of us are born, live, suffer and die; what distinguishes us one from another is our dreams, our ambitions, and what we do to make them come about. And it is that word, ambition, about which I would like to talk to you briefly this afternoon.

Ambition is the linchpin of society, the fuel of achievement, the passion that best releases the energies that make civilization possible. Ambition implies work and discipline to achieve goals. It drives the best to their greatest exertions, the middling to do well, and even the dull to rouse themselves. But what does ambition entail? In his book On Happiness, the French philosopher Alain remarks that "Everyone has what he wants." What Alain felt was that, apart from the odd

accident or the arbitrary infliction of disease, each of us determines his or her destiny. "Many people", he goes on to say, "complain about not having this or that; but the reason is that they did not truly want it." Assuming we stand ready to pay the price, we all get what we want.

But it takes rigor, and it takes courage to achieve what we want. To take the gifts and talents we have been given, to concentrate our strength upon their development, to disallow distractions, and thus to win through, none of these is an easy task.

What makes the task difficult is that most people do not truly know what they want from life. When a person asks himself what he wants out of life, he is asking a question that cuts to his soul. To answer it with candour requires self-knowledge of the highest kind. Napoleon may have known what he wanted out of life; Ghandi most certainly did; but at the lower reaches where most people live, knowledge about what one wants, truly wants, becomes more complicated.

Alexander Solzhenitsyn wrote, "the most important decisions in our lives, when all is said, we make for ourselves." You do not choose to be born. You do not choose your parents. You do not choose your historical era, or the country of your birth, or the immediate circumstances of your upbringing. You do not choose to die; nor do you choose the time or conditions of your death. But within all this realm of choicelessness you do choose how you will live: courageously or in cowardice, honourably or

dishonourably, with purpose or adrift. You will decide what is important and what is trivial in life. You'll decide that what makes you significant is either what you do or what you refuse to do. But no matter how indifferent the universe may be to your choices and decisions, these choices and decisions are yours to make. You decide. You choose. And as you decide and choose, so are your lives formed. In the end, forming your own destiny is what ambition is all about.

I hope that your years here have given you at least some of this ambitious capability and that the ambition will increase as you add new understanding and new wisdom to what you have acquired at St. Andrew's.

R.P. Bedard

"A Salute to Coach"

The S.A.C. Association Dinner Salutes

Coach" Gord Ackerman

Gord retires in June 1994. On Wednesday, October 20, 1993,

the date of his final regular season game as Head Coach,

we will honour his tremendous contribution to St. Andrew's.

Special Guest: CFL Commissioner, Larry Smith

Reception and Dinner 6 o'clock October 20, 1993 Great Hall, St. Andrew's All Welcome, Alumni and Wives Parents - past and present Staff - past and present

$60 per ticket Reservations limited to 300 seats

Phone (416) 727-4002 or Fax (416) 841-6911

Reservation by payment in advance only.

Cheques payable to St. Andrew's College Association,

VISA or Mastercard

Please note our new Area Code (905) as of October 4, 1993

Prize Day 1993

A Symbol of Balance

The Andrean is pleased to reprint an

edited version of the Prize Day Address

on June 11, 1993, by:

The Honourable Tom A. Hockin, P.C., M.P.

Minister of International Trade

S.A.C. Headmaster 1974-81

and father of Tom '93

The Honourable T.A. Hockin, P.C., M.P.

How nice to be back.

How pleasant for my wife Mary and me to be back on this quad as we attend Prize Day on the day our son graduates from St. Andrew's. I am deeply moved to be asked to be with you.

Can I confess to you that my wife and I are very proud of Tom, Jr. We are also very fond of his class, many of whom we know well. You are a fine group of friends and I pray you will always work at maintaining your links with each other. St. Andrew's is bred into Tommy's bones; he came here for the first time as a

six-week-old baby and now, nineteen years later, he leaves as a graduate of the School.

We thank St. Andrew's, from the bottom of our hearts, for his years here. Where better could a boy grow up, not only as a teenager but as a preschooler too? I thank Mr. Bedard for his leadership of a fine group of Upper Sixth and such fine masters. I thank the Board members. You originally got me involved at St. Andrew's.

A strong influence on me when I was young was an Independent School Master and founder of Camp Hurontario, Bernie Hodgetts, who used to say "in the boy is seen the man" and it's about that on which I wish to say a word today. I believe that what is glimpsed here, what motivates here, what is tried and tested here, becomes a powerful part of one's later life.

Cecil Rhodes, the founder of the Rhodes Scholarships, once said "that all he had ever done in his life he had glimpsed by the age of sixteen."

Think about that for a minute. Take a look at any truly successful person, be it a master, a scientist, an artist or a business person and you will often see great, wondering, imaginative eyes, even when they are older. Those eyes start to take focus between the ages of twelve and fifteen. I believe here at S.A.C. is where that imagination and idealism begins, where the light of enthusiasm begins - inside and outside the classroom. As the Andrean motto says: be strong, be a man. Be disciplined, do your duty, day in and day out. If you can link it to enthusiasm, idealism and

imagination you will live productive lives.

One of the noblest periods in British life was the period of Newman, Darwin, Huxley, Tennyson, Mill, Gilbert, Sullivan and a host of others. School boys and college men were not ashamed to have their heroes and enthusiasms then.

Enthusiasm exists here. I've heard of the championships and I am impressed with dramatic productions I've seen, the Cadet Corps, the loyalty, the friendships and the indoor landscaping ingenuity on the second floor Upper School residences.

Enthusiasm matters. People say this is the "information age" but without passion, the mind can do little except accumulate information and information is only of use if you can use it in daily life. With passion for the Blue Jays, you remember all their batting averages; with deep interest in something it is amazing what you can absorb. No man ever did anything worthwhile if he did not do it passionately - not with noise, agitation and excitement - but with fire in his soul.

The young man who has no enthusiasms, no hobbies, no friends he cares about, no deeply- held beliefs, no community interest, will get cold feet morally and intellectually. He will become simply a cynic.

To have a passion and enthusiasm for something beyond yourself is the key, be it something artistic, intellectual, charitable, social or political. I believe each of you, after the privileges of a St. Andrew's education, should always try, therefore, to contribute

Prize Day 1993

A Symbol of Balance

something to your community and to your country; either through public life, or through helping volunteer organizations. You don't have to run for Parliament. You can serve on a school board, or help the United Appeal or help St. Andrew's.

But, beyond the passion for something beyond oneself, I believe you need balance in your life. I've often thought of this place as a symbol of balance. Its buildings, its campus, its activities, its people are paradigms of balance. Look around you at the buildings, playing fields, gym, swimming pool, Ketchum Auditorium - the imaginative and dramatic impulses are what leaven life. The Science labs and computer terminals, believe me, they are more a part of our life now than ever before. The Cadet Corps is not an anachronism. It incorporates and provides the experience of doing something as a complete school; doing it with discipline, colour and a sense of history. The faculty represent more than teachers - you know there will always be masters in your life - mentors, teachers, coaches and colleagues quietly make a difference in your life. In fact, to be a master may be the noblest of callings.

Finally, for balance, the Chapel. Formally, this institution in society is not as powerful a part of people's lives as it once was. But is religion any less a reality? As Colin Morris, in a wonderful recent TVO series, said, "It is not to be a mystic but to be human to want something more from life than material reward. It is human to search for a belief that binds everything together. Religion

gives us (sometimes by ritual means) a real way to feel and to explain the inexplicable. This can be felt in the Chapel.

All of this is the balance of St. Andrew's. It should be a reminder to you. Think of this campus and its people in order to keep that balance in your life.

What has been missing here are two things: girls in the classroom, girls on the campus. So get ready for that at university, and the freedom to choose what to do each day, because no one at university takes attendance.

Some Andreans, not many, have trouble adjusting to these distractions, these freedoms. They get immersed in everything but their studies. This was not so costly when your parents and I went to university.

As a former university professor, let me tell all of you as you graduate today, that in earlier times we could fall into a job almost regardless of our education. Today that is not the case. We in the Government of Canada are working to remind people that government can't afford to look after everybody any more. Social assistance will have to be targeted. People will have to sell their brain power. The economy of Canada will depend less on our natural resources, minerals, forests and farms, and more on our personal balance and discipline and our brain power.

In university you must be disciplined. You must keep the Andrean balance of body, mind and spirit. But this is good news for you. Remember, few people will enter university with the advantages you will bring, simply by being an Andrean.

Finally, to my son and all of the Upper Sixth, may I say that I hope all of you, as my family and I do, leave a bit of your heart here. I pray that you, like me, will remember the rigour of learning here and the ennobling enthusiasms of St. Andrew's. Five generations of Andreans do remember. I hope too that the pipes, the drums, the cheers, the rustle of the wind in the trees, the music, the Georgian beauty of this place and the people will forever whisper in your memory, as it will in mine. May the insights, the friendships, the bruises, the bumps, the triumphs and the joys of this magnificent place strengthen you forever. It is a privilege and joy to be here either as a student, master or Headmaster. But the greatest joy is to have a son graduate filled with so much Andrean promise.

T.A. Hockitt

The Hockin Family at the 1993 Cadet Inspection

Cover Story

The S.A.C. 25 Year Club

Robert Leckey '93 receives The Governor General's Medal from Board Chairman Peter Harris.

Robert Leckey has been a contributor to The Andrean during his final two years as a student at St. Andrew's. Robert's career achievements at the College are numerous, but it is his extraordinary overall academic strength which sets him apart and which will be long remembered.

Of over five hundred applicants for the prestigious Chancellor's Scholarships at Queen's University, thirty-five individuals from across Canada were invited to Queen's for a personal interview. Robert was selected to receive one of nine Chancellor's Scholarships awarded.

Robert placed first in the Class of 1993 with an average of 95.2% and received the Governor General's Medal. He was one of a record nine students achieving an average of over ninety percent qualifying for The Headmaster's Medal.

In the following article Robert interviews the members of the St. Andrew's College staff who have taught at the School for twenty-five years or more.

"We stay here because we like it," says Assistant Headmaster Geoff Smith. He and seven colleagues have taught at St. Andrew's College for more than

25 years, under three Headmasters and over four decades. They have helped shape the College known by hundreds of Andreans who have left it to make their mark on the world. They talked about S.A.C. as it was when they came in the 1960s, and as it is now.

St. Andrew's College was a very different place.

Geoffrey R. Smith, B.Sc. (Mt. Allison),

M.A. (Wesleyan), O.T.C. (A) Assistant Headmaster - Student Services

Those in authority strictly enforced what Assistant Headmaster Derek Inglis calls "the Andrean way." For instance, it was unacceptable to appear on the tennis courts in anything but impeccable white. He recalls a colleague, now retired, being reprimanded for taking two little sandwiches off the plate at afternoon tea. It was an era when gentlemen did not remove their jackets.

Beneath these niceties lay a foundation of hierarchies, within which the prevailing attitude was one of fierce group loyalty.

Cover Story The S.A.C. 25 Year Club

A. Derek U. Inglis, B.Sc. (St. Andrew's),

O.T.C. (A)

Assistant Headmaster - Academics

"People felt," says Smith, "it was Us versus Them." According to Inglis, there were division lines everywhere and not only the obvious one between staff and students.

Housemasters ruled the boarding houses with unquestioned authority. Senior masters often didn't ask things of their juniors; rather, they demanded them.

The prefects were appointed. Smith says they were often "corporal guards for the Administration," and, as such, they exercised considerable authority. Prefects had "fags" from Macdonald House, Lower School boys who acted as their personal servants. Fags had to make beds and prepare toast each morning, carry books, polish shoes, etc. As another example of prefect power, the line between prefects and junior masters was blurry. Inglis recalls that Smith was once ordered out of the Grade 13 halls by the head prefect. It is

not recorded what happened to the head prefect.

With the prefects at the top of the student pyramid, New Boys were at the base. They had to wear identifying blue ties till the prefects permitted them to stop. For some boys this happened at Christmas; others, in June; and some unfortunates were made to wear their conspicuous blue ties into their second year at the College.

A barrier separated the Lower from the Upper School. The housemaster of Macdonald House was really the Headmaster of the Lower School. Rupert Ray, English Department, recalls that Mac House had its own dining hall, infirmary, matron and teachers. These men taught only Lower School, which began at Grade 5.

Rupert J. Ray, B.A. (Hons.) (Dalhousie)

B.Ed. (Alberta) O.T.C. (A)

Head of Debating

These were some of the divisions of St. Andrew's College. Andreans were united, however, in their deportment. Classroom dress was strict No. 2, jacket, tie and trousers. Any trip into Aurora required full No. 1 dress, white

shirt, School tie and blazer, grey flannels. Fred Hiltz, Head of Physics, remembers the boys of the College walking by twos into Aurora for Sunday morning church. Most boys went to Aurora United; a few crossed Yonge Street for the Catholic church. Chapel on Sundays was in the evening at seven o'clock.

Boys in the Upper School ate together in the dining hall after grace was said. On a weekly rotation, boys waited on table, bringing food from the kitchen to their tables and serving their fellows. A master sat at each table of students to enforce good manners. Masters also supervised evening study - for the Upper School, in the boarding houses, and for the boys of Macdonald House, in the basement of Dunlap Hall. In every classroom, the desks stood in rows. Masters addressed students by surnames only. It was an age of eccentrics; it was also an age of gentlemen. Hiltz remembers Robertson Laidlaw fondly. Bob Laidlaw came to St. Andrew's in 1909 and taught for nearly half a century. He occupied a two-room apartment on the ground floor of Flavelle House. In 1960 Hiltz lived in an apartment in adjacent Memorial House, and Laidlaw used to visit him. "Bob always liked Madeira wine," says Hiltz. "Each day before dinner he used to come round with a little bottle ... He was a true gentleman."

Boarders rarely left the campus, having only one overnight leave each term; trips into Aurora in No. 1 dress were hardly wild freedoms. Even the few Day Boys, mostly masters' sons, had classes and sports

Cover Story The S.A.C. 25 Year Club

commitments Saturdays and chapel Sunday night. S.A.C. was all-encompassing. From September till June, boys didn't have lives outside the College gates. This presented special opportunities and special problems. Under intense conditions, housemates became brothers. No student energies were exported from the campus, so it bustled with a vital cultural life. Members of the 25 Year Club hold fond memories of the many school activities required to occupy the boarders.

/. FredHiltz, B.A.Sc. (Toronto) M.Sc. (Waterloo) O.T.C. (A) Head of Physics Department

Clubs abounded. Some years they met Sunday nights after chapel, some years Saturday mornings or at other times. In the days before home videos, Ray ran the S.A.C. Film Society. He exposed the boys to films they normally wouldn't see - classics such as Citizen Kane or foreign titles. Occasionally he showed a selection for an elite audience - something that appealed to just a

handful of boys. After the film he led a discussion, which often became heated. Ray's movie pick was, literally, the only show in town.

Hiltz, who loves working with his hands, supervised a model airplane club in the basement of Mac House. He remembers many other groups at various times, including a birdwatching club and a woodworking club. The latter was run by Harry Tutton, who worked in the athletic stores. Tutton was a practical man whose students constructed bookcases, shelves and, if ambitious, a table.

On a practical level, technology was different. Smith recalls in the early '60s teachers had to make copies on an old spirit duplicator. Once an original was painstakingly written or typed on carbon, the master had to crank the machine by hand, bathed in the odour of methanol. Smith asked Jack Bennet, the Bursar, to replace the machine. He recalls calmly that one night, he stood in the duplicating room, copying a Chemistry exam. The machine sputtered and drenched Smith and his original with fluid. In one of those understated gestures Smith is famous for, he threw the ditto machine down a flight of stairs. The Bursar was displeased, but he did buy a newer model.

Buying a newer model summarizes what Headmaster Bob Coulter was up to in the '60s. Within the framework of the Scottish tradition and the values of the founders, it was time for change. Under Headmasters Coulter, Tom Hockin and Bob Bedard, St. Andrew's changed.

Ronald D. Kinney, B.A., B.P.H.E.

(Queen's) O.T.C. (A)

Head of Science Department

Today the College has a different feel. It is a kinder, more humane place. Smith says, "Times have changed, thank God." St. Andrew's has maintained the important traditions but reduced the emphasis on spit and polish. "Tradition is very important," he says, "but sometimes there's a time to lay a tradition to rest." At one time boys were never allowed to walk on the quadrangle. "What's the point of having this beautiful campus if you never use it?" agrees Jim Herder '64; "There should be boys on it all the time, throwing around a ball or frisbee." And these days, after hours, there are. On April evenings after dinner, there's a quintessentially Andrean mix on the grassy quad - on one half, the Pipe and Drum Corps practising for the Cadet Inspection, and on the other half, boys tossing a ball, having a good time before study begins at 7:30.


Cover Story

The S.A.C. 25 Year Club

The feeling of "Us versus Them" is much less. Smith believes that, on the whole, teachers and students feel they're "in the same boat together" and should make the best they can of it.

Prefects are now elected jointly by the boys and masters. This makes their job difficult as they find themselves serving two constituencies - the Administration and their peers. Smith says they must walk a tightrope. As well, New Boys are now welcomed rather than ostracized.

The Lower School is much more integrated with the Upper School. Boys of all forms use the same classrooms and eat together in the Great Hall. Masters teach subjects from Grade 7 to Grade 13 or O.A.C. (Ontario Academic Credit). Ray thinks this is essential. "Teaching at various levels keeps you less flabby." Students occasionally question why they must have their hair short, but St. Andrew's maintains its guidelines, maintains its image. Boys may, however, wear jeans after dinner and when they go into Aurora. Sunday night chapel is no more, but boys attend five services a week. Chapel Saturday morning at 8:30 is a full half hour, and there are occasionally guest speakers.

Meals have changed. The School is too large for everyone to sit down together for lunch, so the Lower School eats first. Boys walk through the kitchen with a tray and take it to their table. Once a year, on November 30, St. Andrew's Day, the whole School

sits down together for a great banquet. This dinner, usually followed by House Plays, remains one of the highlights of the year. The food is vastly improved since the gentlemen of the 25 Year Club arrived. Ah Khonsari '92 returned for Old Boys rugby, and had forgotten how good the food is. Food Services Director Mike Hillick is so talented he was nearly kidnapped at Homecoming last fall by five Old Boys.

The faculty today consists of forty-four men and women, all of whom hold baccalaureate degrees. Eighty percent hold graduate degrees. This is a great change since the early years of the '60s, and it is due to a process begun by Bob Coulter. He arrived from a Toronto public high school to be Headmaster. Determined to raise the academic standards, he decreed that within a certain period, masters must acquire pedagogical training or leave.

The interviewed masters agreed St. Andrew's has a different tone today. It's kinder, but at the same time, it's also more competitive and serious.

Twenty years ago, Bob Coulter asked Bob Bedard for advice on how to improve the sports programme. For Bedard, as a world-class athlete, winning is important. The St. Andrew's goal is no longer just to participate. Headmaster Bedard says candidly, "There's nothing wrong with winning. It's good for the individual to win, to be the best. It's necessary for self confidence." St. Andrew's College teams are more competitive today than ever before.

Gary B. West, B.A., B.P.H.E. (Queen's) O.T.C. (A) Athletic Director

The College is more serious academically. Bedard says that fifteen years ago, the talk in the halls was of parties and games. Today to a much greater degree it's "How did you do on that test?" or "Which universities are you applying to?" Attitudes towards academics have become sterner because of the increasing pressures to get into university. As universities cut enrolment because they lack money, the marks required for admission are rising. It's something each student must be concerned about.

The curriculum today is more flexible, so that students can pursue their own interests and not be dragged down by a single detested subject. Economics, Accounting and Computer Science are intended to give students an edge at university and in the work force. The complexity of material covered in the sciences and mathematics is much higher today, and nearly every graduate earns more than the minimum six O.A.C.'s.


Cover Story The S.A.C. 25 Year Club

The College still provides support but, especially in the upper years, students are treated more as responsible individuals. Bedard believes that, after seventeen, a boy can think on his own. A rigid structure is fine for high school, but is bad preparation for the university experience, so Grade 13 students now plan their own evening study. They may have one overnight leave each week, though they rarely take it. However, a boy who cannot handle the freedom and is jeopardizing his career will be given more supervision.

Boys may go home once classes are finished and sports commitments met on Saturdays. The time away from the campus, short as it may be, does much to give the boys a break. Ray believes it's much healthier now, much less suffocating. And while it is now possible to have life outside St. Andrew's, most boys, including Day Boys, choose to spend countless extra hours on campus, in the library, at club meetings, at play rehearsals and on the computer network.

Computers are everywhere. They are the most visible sign of the changing technology. Every member of the 25 Year Club uses the computer network, but to what extent varies.

Dennis Hemmings, French Department, broadcasts a French puzzle of the day over the computer mail system. Any student can participate in contests from any terminal on campus. Smith prepares all tests and handouts on his computer. He's excited about the possibilities of computers for reducing drudgery

- helping students learn chemical formulas, checking documents for spelling and grammar errors. Courses such as Accounting and a new Grade 11 Cartography class have students spending many periods working in the computer labs. Inglis, Ray and Hiltz, however, use computers for preparing notes but see fewer possibilities for computers in their classrooms. For Ray, teaching will always be a human interaction between teacher and student. Hiltz thinks Physics is still very much a 'hands-on' thing. "You have to be able to make a wrong connection, see sparks fly, or drop something ... I hope Physics never becomes just an image on a screen." Students may not use computers during class time as much as may have been predicted a decade ago, but they use them constantly for written assignments. Everything is typed.

A. Dennis Hemmings, B.Sc. (McGill), O.T.C. (A/B)

St. Andrew's College, then, has changed considerably. As well as of changes, the 25 Year Club speaks of what it is to teach at St. Andrew's.

Nearly every one spoke of how much time he spends at work. When Smith and David Timms, Head of English, were housemasters, they worked eighteen hour days. Smith thinks he's dropped it to twelve hours a day now, six days a week. "When you hop off a school bus at 6:30 on a Saturday night, after a football game at Ridley, you're not left with much of a weekend." He jokes that he frequently returns home to find his wife has left the yellow pages open at divorce lawyers. "In St. Andrew's," he says more seriously, "I really have a mistress." Ray says it is his summers which allow him to remain at St. Andrew's. "You work so hard during the year, but then you have time to rediscover reading, to study, to spend with your family. By September, I'm always ready to jump right back into it."

Ray takes teaching very seriously. "There's no excuse for being dull," he says. "If you have the privilege of entrapping fifteen to twenty human beings in little space, the least you can do is be interesting." Ray believes truth by personality comes by being, sometimes,